Prefixes and Suffixes in Medical Terminology پیشوندها و پسوندها در اصطلاحات پزشکی

درس امروز پیشوندها و پسوندها در اصطلاحات پزشکیه  ! گرامرم خوب نیست اما میدونم که ریشه یک لغت یعنی عنصر اساسی ای که در همه اشکال دیگر لغت مشترکه . پیشوند شکلیه که در ابتدای ریشه  مستقر میشه و پسوند شکلیه که در انتهای ریشه قرار میگیره . درک اصطلاحات پزشکی بدون این پیشوند و پسوندها غیر ممکنه . فهرستی از پیشوندها و پسوندها رو در اختیار عزیزان قرار میدم . در فهرست ذیل اول پیشوندها و یا پسوندها قید و بعدش  معنی اون نوشته شده و در داخل پرانتز یک یا دو مثال وجود داره . برای ترجمه لغات میتونین از مترجم گوگل  و اگه انگلیسیتان خوب باشه میتونین از سایت فری دیکشنری استفاده کنید . البته در دیکشنریهای فارسی ، چندین اشتباه در تشریح بیماریها دیده ام ،  لذا در اینگونه مطالب سعی کنین از دیکشنری انگلیسی به انگلیسی استفاده کنین :

a = absent, deficient, lack of (atrophy)
ab- = off, away from (absent, abduction)
abdomen = abdomen (abdominal)
abdomin[o]- = abdomen (abdomen)
-able = capable of (viable)
ac- =  toward to (actin)
-ac, -acal = pertaining to (hydrophobiac, pharmacomaniacal)
acanth[o]- = thorn , spine (acanthoma, acanthulus)
acou- =  hear (acoustic)
acous[io]- = hearing  (acoumeter, acoustician)
acr[o]- = extremity, topmost (acrocrany, acromegaly)
-acusis = hearing (paracusis)
ad- = increase, adherence, motion toward (adduction, adduct)
-ad = toward, in the direction of (dorsad)
aden[o]-, aden[i]- = gland (adenocarcinoma, adenology)
adip[o]- = fatty tissue (adipocyte)
adren[o]- = adrenal glands (adrenal artery)
-aemia = blood condition (anaemia)
aer[o]- = air, gas (aerosinusitis)
-al = pertaining to (abdominal)
alb- = white (albicans, albino)
alg[i]o- = pain (myalgia)
alge[si]- = pain (analgesic)
-algia = pain (neuralgia, myalgia)
allo- = something as different, as an addition (alloantigen, allopathy)
ambi- = both (ambidextrous)
amnio- = membranous fetal sac (amnion, amniocentesis)
amph-, amphi- = on both sides (amphismela, amphomycin)
an- = absence of (analgia)
ana- = back, again, up (anaplasia)
andr[o]- = man (andrology, android)
anesthesio- = sensation (anesthesia)
angi- = vessels (angiology, angiogram)
aniso- = unequal (anisotropic, anisocytosis)
ankyl[o]-, ancyl[o]- = something as crooked , bent (ankylosis)
ante- = before, in front of (antebrachium, antepartum)
anti- = against (anticoagulant, antipsychotic)
apo- = separated from, derived from (apoptosis)
aque- = water (aqueous)
arch[i,e,o]- = beginning, origin (archenteron, archinephron)
arteri[o]- = artery (artery, arteriole)
arthr[o]- = joint (arthritis)
articul[o]- = joint (articulation)
-ary = pertaining to (bilary tract)
-ase = enzyme (lactase)
-asis = condition , state of (homeostasis)
-asthenia = weakness (myasthenia gravis)
atel[o] = incomplete development (atelocardia)
-ation = process (mineralization)
atri[o]- = atrium (atrioventricular)
aud- = hearing, sound (auditory)
aur[i]- = ear (aural)
aut[o]- = self (autolysis, autoimmune)
aux[o]- = increase; growth (auxocardia)
axill- = armpit (axilla)
azo[to] = nitrogenous compound (azothermia)
balano- = glans penis or glans clitoridis (balanitis)
bi- = two (bipedal)
bio- = life (biopsy)
blast[o]- = generative , germ, bud (blastocyst, blastomere)
blephar[o]- = eyelid (blepharoplast)
brachi[o]- = arm (brachialis, brachium)
brachy- = short (brachydont, brachycephalic)
brady- =  slow (bradycardia)
bronch[i]- = bronchus (bronchiolitis obliterans)
bucc[o]- = cheek (buccal cavity, buccolabial)
burs[o]- = bursa (bursitis)
cac- = bad, ill (cachexia)
calc- = stone (calculus)
capill- = hair (capillus)
capit- = head (capitis, capitation)
carcin[o]- =  cancer (carcinogenic, carcinoma)
cardi- =  heart (cardiac)
carp[o]- = wrist (carpopedal)
cata- = lower, under, against (catabolism, cataract)
caud- = tail (cauda equina)
-cele = pouching, hernia (hydrocele)
-centesis = surgical puncture for aspiration (amniocentesis)
cephal[o]- =  head (cephalic)
cerat[o]- = cornu;  horn (ceratoid)
cerebell[o]- = cerebellum (cerebellum)
cerebr[o]- = brain (cerebrology, cerebrospinal fluid)
cervic- = neck, cervix (cervicodorsal)
chem[o]- = chemistry, drug (chemotherapy)
chir[o]- , cheir[o]- =  hand (chiropractor)
chlor[o]- = green color(chlorophyll)
chol[e]- =  bile (cholic, cholaemia)
cholecyst[o]- = gallbladder (cholecystectomy)
chondr- = cartilage (chondrocyte)
chondr[i]o- = cartilage, gristle, granule, granular  (chondrocalcinosis)
chrom[ato]- =  color (chromocyte, hemachromatosis)
-cidal, -cide = destroy (germicide)
cili- =  cilia, the eyelashes; eyelids (ciliary)
circum- =  around (circumduct, circumcision)
cis- = kill, to cut (homicide, genocide)
clast = break (osteoclast)
co- =  together (copulation)
coel- =  hollow cavity (coelom)
-coele = swelling, enlarged space or cavity (blastocoel)
col-, colo-, colono- = colon (colonoscopy)
colp[o]- = pertaining to the vagina (colposcopy)
com- = with, together (communist)
con- = with, together (cogenital)
contra- =  against, opposite (contraception, contraindicate)
cor- = with, together (corrode)
cor-, core-, coro- = eye’s pupil (corectomy)
cordi- = heart (commotio cordis)
corn- =  hardness (cornified)
cornu- = resembles a horn (cornual)
corp- =  body (corpus)
cost[o]- = ribs (costochondral)
cox- = hip, haunch, or hip-joint (coxopodite)
crani[o]- = cranium (craniology)
-crine = to secrete (endocrine)
cry[o]- = cold (cryoablation)
crypt- = hidden (cryptorchidism)
cutane- = skin (subcutaneous)
cyan[o]- = blue (cyanosis, yanopsia)
cycl- = circle (cycle)
cyph[o]- = something as bent (cyphosis)
cyst[o]-, cyst[i]-= sac , bladder (cystoscope, cystotomy)
-cyte = cell (leukocyte)
cyto- = cell (cytology, cytokine)
dacryo- = tear (dacryorrhea)
dactyl[o]- = finger, toe (dactylology)
de- = down, away from, cessation (descent)
dent- = teeth (dentist)
dermat[o]-, derm[o]-= skin (dermatology)
-desis = binding (arthrodesis)
dextr[o]- = right, on the right side (dextrocardia)
di- = two, apart, separation (diarthrotic) 
dia- = through, throughout (diacetyl, diagnosis)
dif- = apart, separation (differ)
digit- = finger (digit)
dipl- = double (diploid)
dis- = apart, away from (disarticulate)
dis- = separation, taking apart (dissection)
dors[o]-, dors[i]- = back (dorsal, dorsocephalad)
duct- = apart, away from (disarticulate)
duodeno- = duodenum, twelve (duodenal atresia)
dur- = hard (dura mater)
dynam[o]- = force, energy, power (dynamic, dynamometer)
-dynia = pain (vulvodynia)
dys- = bad, difficult, painful (dysentery, dysphagia)
e- = out, from (eccrine)
ec- = outside, outer, external (ectoderm)
ect[o]- = outer, outside (ectopic pregnancy)
-ectasis = expansion, dilation (bronchiectasis)
-ectomy = surgical removal (tonsillectomy, mastectomy)
ede- = swelling (edema)
-emesis = vomiting condition (hematemesis)
-emia = a condition of the blood (anemia)
en- = within (endoderm)
encephal[o]- = brain (encephalogram)
endo- = inside, within (endocrinology, endospore)
enter- = intestine (enteritis, gastroenterology)
epi- = upon, over (epidermis, epidural)
episi[o]- = pubic region, the loins (episiotomy)
erythr[o]- = red color (erythrocyte)
-esophageal, -esophago = gullet (esophagobronchial)
esthesio- = sensation (esthesioneurosis)
eu- = true, good, well, new (eukaryote)
ex- = out of, away from (excise)
exo- = outside (exocrine, exoskeleton)
extra- = outside of, in addition (extracellular)
faci[o]- = face (facioplegic)
fasci- = band (fascia)
febr- = fever (febrile)
-ferent = bear, carry (efferent)
fibr[o]- = fiber (fibroblast)
fiss- = split (fissure)
for- -iform = opening (foramen)
-form = shape (fusiform)
fossa = depression , hollow (fossa ovalis)
front- = forehead (frontonasal)
galact[o]- = milk (galactorrhea)
gastr[o]- = stomach (gastrointestinal, gastric bypass)
-gen = an agent that produces (pathogen, heterogenous)
-genic = producing (carcinogenic)
genu- = knee (genu valgum)
gingiv- = gums (gingivitis)
glauc[o]- = grey, bluish-grey color (glaucoma)
gloss- = tongue (glossopharyngeal)
gloss[o]-, glott[o]- = tongue (glossology)
gluco- = glucose (glucocorticoid)
glyco- = sugar (glycosuria, glycolysis)
gnath[o]- = jaw (gnathodynamometer)
-gnosis = knowledge (diagnosis, prognosis)
gon[o]- = seed, semen; also, reproductive (gonorrhea)
-gram = a record(ing) (electroencephalogram)
-gram = record or picture (angiogram)
gran- = grain, particle (granulosa cells)
-graph = record , picture (electrocardiograph)
-graph = recording instrument (telegraph)
-graphy = process of recording (angiography)
gravi- = heavy (gravid)
gyn- = female sex (gynecology)
gyn[aec]o- , gyn[ec]o- = woman (gynecomastia)
halluc- = to wander in mind (hallucinosis)
haplo- = simple or single (haploid)
hem[at]- , haemato- = blood (hematology)
hema- , hemo- = blood (hematological malignancy)
hemi- = half (hemiplagia, cerebral hemisphere)
hepat- = liver (hepatic portal, hepatology)
hetero- = other, different (heterosexual, heterogeneous)
hidr[o]- = sweat (hyperhidrosis)
hist[o]-, histio-  = tissue (histology)
holo- = whole, entire (holocrine)
home[o]- = similar (homeopathy)
homo- = same, alike (homologous, homosexuality)
humer[o]- = shoulder, the upper arm (humerus)
hydr[o]- = water (hydrophobe, hydrocoel)
hyper- = above, excessive (hypertension, hypovolemia)
hypo- = under, below (hypoglycemia)
hyster[o]- =  womb, the uterus (hysterectomy)
-ia = medical specialties (pediatrics)
-i-asis = condition (mydriasis)
iatr[o]- = medicine, a physician (iatrochemistry)
-iatrics = medical specialties (pediatrics)
-iatry = a field in medicine (podiatry, psychiatry)
-ic = pertaining to (hepatic artery)
icle = small (ovarian follicle)
-ics = organized knowledge, treatment (bionomics, osmics)
idio- = self, separate (idiopathic)
ilio- = ilium (iliosacral)
infra- = beneath (infraspinatus, infrahyoid muscles)
inter- = among, between (interosseus, interarticular ligament)
intra- = inside, within (intracellular, intracranial hemorrhage)
-ion = process (acromion)
irid[o]- = iris (iridectomy)
isch- = restriction (ischemia)
ischio- = ischium, the hip-joint  (ischiorrhogic)
-ism = condition, disease, state (dimorphism, dwarfism)
-ismus = spasm, contraction (strabismus)
iso- = equal, like (isotonic)
-ist = who specializes in (pathologist)
-ite =the nature of, resembling (hermaphrodite)
-itis = inflammation (meningitis, tonsillitis)
-ium = structure, tissue (pericardium)
karyo- = nucleus (eukaryote)
kerat[o]- = cornea (keratoscope)
kin[e]-, kin[o], kinesi[o]- = movement (kinesthesia)
koil[o]- = hollow (koilocyte)
kyph[o]- = humped (kyphoscoliosis)
labi[o]- = lip (labium majus, labiodental)
lacrim[o]- = tears (lacrimal apparatus, lacrimal canaliculi)
lact[i]-, lact[o] = milk (lactation)
lapar[o]- = abdomen-wall, flank (laparotomy)
laryng[o]- = larynx (laryngitis)
later- = side (lateral, lateral pectoral nerve)
lei[o]- = smooth (leiomyoma)
-lepsis, -lepsy = attack, seizure (epilepsy, narcolepsy)
lept[o]- = light, slender (leptospirosis)
leuc[o]-, leuk[o]- = white color (leukocyte)
lingu[a]-, lingu[o]- = tongue (linguistics)
lip[o]- = fat (lipid, liposuction)
lith[o]- = stone, calculus (lithotripsy)
log[o]- = speech (logogram)
-logist = who studies a field (oncologist, pathologist)
-logy = science of (morphology, hematology )
lymph[o]- = lymph (lymphedema)
lys[o]-, -lytic = dissolution (lysosome, hemolysis)
-lysis = destruction, separation (paralysis)
macro- = large, great (macrophage)
mal- = bad, abnormal, disorder (malignant)
-malacia = softening (osteomalacia)
mamm[o]- = breast (mammogram)
mammill[o]- = nipple (mammillitis)
manu- = hand (manufacture)
mast[o]- = breast (mastectomy)
medi- = middle (medial)
meg[a]-, megal[o]-, -megaly = enlargement (splenomegaly, megakaryocyte)
melan[o]- = black color (melanin)
melos = extremity (erythromelalgia)
mening[o]- = membrane (meningitis)
mero- = part (merocrine, meroblastic)
mes[o]- = middle (mesoderm)
meta- = after, beyond (metatarsal, metacarpus)
-meter = measurement (sphygmomanometer)
metr[o]- = uterus (metrorrhagia)
-metry = measuring (optometry)
micro- = small (microtome, microscope)
mito- = thread (mitochondrion)
mono- = alone, one, single (monocyte, infectious mononucleosis)
morph- = form, shape (morphology)
multi- = many, much (multinuclear)
muscul[o]- = muscle (musculoskeletal system)
my[o]- = muscle (myoblast, myology)
myc[o]- = fungus (onychomycosis)
myel[o]- = bone marrow (myeloblast)
myring[o]- = eardrum (myringotomy)
myx[o]- = mucus (myxoma)
narc- = numbness, stupor, sleep (narcotic, narcolepsy)
nas[o]- = nose (nasal)
necr[o]- = death (necrotizing fasciitis)
necro- = corpse, dead (necrosis)
neo- = new, young (neonatal, neoplasm)
nephr[o]- = kidney (nephritis, nephrology)
nerv- = nerves, nervous system (nerve)
neur(i)-, neur[o]- = nerves, nervous system (neurofibromatosis, neurolemma)
normo- = normal (normocapnia)
noto- = back (notochord)
ob- = against, in front of (obturator)
oc- = against (occlusion)
ocul[o]- = eye (oculist)
odont[o]- = teeth (orthodontist)
odyn[o]- =pain (stomatodynia)
-oesophageal, oesophago- = gullet (esophagogastroduodenoscopy)
-oid = resembling, likeness (sigmoid, sarcoidosis)
ole = small (molecule)
oligo- = few, small (oligodendrocyte, oligotrophy )
om[o]- = shoulder (omoplate)
-oma <singular>, -omata <plural> = tumor, mass (sarcoma, teratoma)
omphal[o]- = navel, umbilicus (omphalotomy)
onco- = tumor, bulk (oncology)
onych[o]- = nail (onychophagy)
oo- = egg (oocyte, oogenesis)
oophor[o]- = woman’s ovary (oophorectomy)
ophthalm[o]- = eye (ophthalmology)
optic[o]- = vision (opticochemical)
or[o]- = mouth (oral)
orchi[o]-, orchido- = testis (orchiectomy, orchiectomy)
ortho- = straight, normal (orthopnea, orthodontist)
-ory = pertaining to (sensory)
-ose = full of (adipose)
-osis = disease, increase (ichthyosis, psychosis)
osseo- = bony (osseointegration)
ossi- = bone (ossifying fibroma)
ost[e]-, oste[o]- = bone (osteoporosis)
osteo- = bone (osteoblast)
ot[o]- = ear (otopathy, otolith)
-ous = pertaining to ( ferrous, hypochlorous)
ovari[o]- = ovaries (ovariectomy)
ovo-, ovi-, ov = egg (ovum, ovogenesis)
oxo- = addition of oxygen (oxoid)
oxy- = sharp, acid, acute, oxygen (oxycodone)
pachy- = thick = pachyderma
palpebr- = eyelid (palpebra)
pan-, pant[o]- = complete, containing everything (panophobia, panopticon)
papill- = nipple (papillitis)
papul[o]- = small swelling in the skin, pimple (population)
par- = give birth to (parturition)
para- = near, beyond, beside (paranasal)
-paresis = slight paralysis (hemiparesis)
parvo- = small (parvovirus)
path[o]- = disease (pathology)
-pathy = abnormality, disease (sociopathy, neuropathy)
ped- = children (pediatrician)
ped-, -ped-, -pes = foot; -footed (pedoscope)
pelv[i]-, pelv[o]- =hip bone (pelvis)
pen- = need, lack (penicillin)
-penia = deficiency (thrombocytopenia, osteopenia)
peo- = penis (peotomy)
-pepsia = digestion, digestive tract (dyspepsia)
per- = through (percutaneous)
peri- = near, around (pericardium, periodontal)
-pexy = fixation (nephropexy)
phaco- =lens-shaped (phacolysis, phacoemulsification)
phag- = to eat (phagocyte)
-phage, -phagia = eating, ingestion (sarcophagia)
phagist- = who ‹feeds on› the first element or part of the word (lotophagis)
-phago- = eating, devouring (phagocyte)
-phagy = ‹feeding on› the first element (anthropophagy)
phallo- = phallus (aphallia)
pharmaco- = drug (pharmacology)
pharyng[o]- = pharynx (pharyngitis, pharyngoscopy)
-phil[ia] = attraction for (hemophilia)
phleb- = vein (phlebitis)
phleb[o]- = vein (phlebography, phlebotomy)
phob[o]- = exaggerated fear, sensitivity (arachnophobia, hydrophobia)
phon[o]- = sound (phonology)
phos- = light or its chemical properties (phosphene)
phot[o]- = light (photopathy)
phren(i)-, phren[o]-, phrenico = diaphragm, mind (phrenic nerve, schizophrenia)
-plasia = formation, development (achondroplasia)
-plasty = reconstruction, surgical repair (rhinoplasty)
platy- = flat, side (platysma)
-plegia = stroke, paralysis (paraplegia)
pleio- = more, excessive, multiple (pleiomorphism)
pleur[o]-, pleur[a] = pleura, side, rib (pleurogenous)
-plexy = stroke, seizure (cataplexy)
-pnea = to breathe (apnea)
pneum[o]- = air, lungs = (pneumonocyte, pneumonia)
pod-, -pod-, -pus = foot (podiatry)
-poiesis = formation of (hemopoiesis)
polio- = grey color (poliomyelitis)
poly- = many, much (polyploidy, polymyositis)
por[o]- = cavity, passage , pore (porencephalia, porotomy)
porphyr[o]- = purple color (porphyroblast)
post- = after, behind (postnatal, postoperation)
pre- = before in time or place (prenatal, prematurity)
presby[o]- = old age = presbyopia
prim- = first, most important (primary)
pro- = before (procephalic)
proct- = anus (proctology)
prot[o]- = first, most important (protoneuron)
pseudo- = false (pseudostratified)
psych[e]-, psych[o] = mind (psychology, psychiatry)
psycho- = mental (psychology)
-ptosis = falling, drooping, prolapsed (apoptosis)
-ptysis = spitting ( hemoptysis)
pulmon-, pulmo- = lungs (pulmonary)
pyel[o]- = pelvis (pyelonephritis)
pyo- = pus (pyorrhea, pyometra)
pyro- = fever (antipyretic, pyrogenic)
quad- = fourfold (quadriceps femoris)
quadr(i)- = four (quadriceps)
radio- = radiation (radiowave)
re- = back, again (repolarization)
rect- = straight (rectus abdominus)
rect[o]- = straight or rectum (rectoscope, rectosigmoidoscopy)
ren[o]- = kidney (renal)
rete- = network (rete testis)
reticul[o]- network, netlike (reticulocyte)
retro- = backward, behind (retroperitoneal, retroverted)
rhabd[o]- = rod shaped, striated (rhabdomyoma)
rhachi[o]- = spine ( rachialgia, rachiopathy)
rhin[o]- = nose (rhinoceros, rhinoplasty)
rhod[o]- = rose-red color (rhodophyte)
-rrhage = burst forth (hemorrhage)
-rrhagia = excessive flow, rapid flow of blood (hemorrhage, metrorrhagia)
-rrhaphy = suturing (colporrhaphy, gastrorrhaphy)
-rrhea = flowing, discharge (galactorrhea, diarrhea)
-rrhexis = rupture (angiorrhexis, enterorrexis)
rubr[o]- = red nucleus of the brain (rubrospinal)
salping[o]- = fallopian tubes (salpingectomy)
sanguin- , sanguine- = blood (sanguineous)
sarco- = muscular, fleshlike (sarcoma)
schist[o]- = split, cleft (schistocelia, schistocephalus)
schiz[o]- = split , double sided (schizocephalia, schizogenesis)
scler[o]- = hardness = atherosclerosis
-sclerosis = hardening of the skin (multiple sclerosis)
scoli[o]-  = twisted (scoliosis)
-scope = instrument (stethoscope)
-scopy = use of instrument for viewing (endoscopy)
-sect = cut (dissect)
semi- = half (semilunar)
sial[o]- = saliva, salivary gland (sialagogue)
sigmoid[o]- = sigmoid, sigmoid colon (sigmoidoscope, sigmoidectomy)
sinistr[o]- = left, left side (sinistrocardia, sinistrophobia)
sinus- = sinus (sinusitis)
-sis = process, action (dialysis)
sito- = food, grain (sitomania, sitotherapy)
somat[o]-, somatico- = body, bodily (somatoplasm)
spasmo- = spasm (spasmodermia, spasmophemia)
sperma-, spermo-, spermato- =semen (spermatozoa spermatogenesis)
splanchn[i]-, splanchn[o]- = viscera (splanchnocele, splanchnography)
splen[o]- = spleen (splenectomy)
spondyl[o]- = spine, vertebra (spondylitis)
squamos[o]- = scaly (squama)
-stasis = stop, stand (homeostasis)
sten[o]- = narrowness (stenobregmate, stenocephaly)
steth[o]- = upper chest, chest (stethomyitis, stethospasm)
stheno-= strength, force, power (sthenometer, sthenoplastic)
stom[a] = mouth (stomatognathic system)
stomat[o]- = mouth (stomatogastric)
-stomy = surgical opening (tracheostomy, colostomy)
sub- = under, below (subcutaneous)
super- = above, superior (superior vena cava)
super- = above, upper (superficial)
supra- = above, over (suprarenal, supraorbital vein)
sy[l]-, sym-, syn-, sys- =similarity, likeness (synalgia, synesthesia, syssarcosis)
syn- , sym- = together, joined, with (synapse)
tachy- = fast, rapid (tachycardia)
tele- = far (telencephalon)
tens- = stretch (tensor tympani)
-tension, -tensive = pressure (hypertension)
tetra- = four (tetrad)
thec- = case, sheath (intrathecal, thecodont)
thel(e)-, thel[o]- = (theleplasty)
thely- = woman (thelygenic, thelyplasty)
therm[o]- = heat (thermogram)
thorac- = chest (thoracic cavity)
thorac[i]-, thorac[o]-, thoracico- = chest (thorax)
thromb[o]- = blood clot, clotting of blood (thrombus, thrombocytopenia)
thrombo- = lump, clot (thrombocyte)
thymo- , thymi- , thym- = thymus gland, mind (thymolysis, thymopathy)
thyr[o]- = thyroid (thyroactive, thyroidectomy)
-tic = pertaining to (paralytic, therapeutic)
toco- = childbirth (tocodynamometer, tocography)
-tome = cutting instrument, segment (dermatome, microtome)
-tomy = cut (appendectomy)
tono- = tone, tension, pressure (tonoclonic, tonoscillograph)
-tony = tension (neurotony, vagotony)
top[o]- = place, topical (topesthesia, topognosia)
tox[i]-, tox[o]-, toxico- = poison (toxemia)
trache[o]- = trachea (tracheomalacia, tracheorrhaphy)
trachel[o]- = neck (tracheotomy)
tract- = draw, drag (traction)
trans- = across, over, moving (transfuse)
tri- = three (trigone)
trich[i]-, trichia, trich[o]- = hair (trichology, trichotomy )
-tripsy = crushing (lithotripsy)
-trophy = nourishment, development (hypertrophy, pseudohypertrophy)
-tropic = turning to, changing (gonadotropic)
tympan[o]- = eardrum (tympanocentesis)
-ula, -ule = small (nodule)
ultra- = beyond, excess (ultrasonic)
umbilic- = navel, umbilicus (umbilical)
ungui- = nail, a claw (unguiform, ungula)
uni- = one (unicellular, unilateral)
ur[o]- = urine (urology, uroscope)
uri[c]-, urico- = uric acid (uricosuria, uricotelic)
-uria = urine (polyuria)
urin- = urine (uriniferous)
uter[o]- = uterus  (uterus)
vagin- = vagina (vagina)
varic[o]- = swollen , twisted (vein varicose)
vas[o]-= duct,vessel (vasoconstriction)
vasculo- = blood vessel (vasculopathy)
ven- = vein (venospasm)
ventr[o]- = belly; stomach cavities (ventrodorsal)
vesic[o]- = bladder (vesica)
viscer- = organ (visceral)
viscer[o]- = internal organs (viscera)
vit- = life (vitamin)
xanth[o]- = yellow color (xanthopathy)
xen[o]- =foreign, different (xenograft)
-y = condition or process of = surgery
zoo- = animal (zoology)
zygo- = union, join (zygote)
zym[o]- = fermentation, enzyme (lysozyme, serozyme)

Posted on اکتبر 27, 2010, in English, کل مطالب, پزشکی به زبان ساده, اصطلاحات پزشکی. Bookmark the permalink. 25 دیدگاه.

  1. ای ول دکتر جان . در آسمان دنبال این مطلب بودم و در زمین پیداش کردم . در سایتهای انگلیسی خیلی دنبال این مطلب بودم اما هیچ کدام اینها به این شکل خلاصه و جامع و تکمیل نبود . با اجازه تون یه کپی از اون گرفتم که همیشه آنها را مرور کنم . باز خیلی ممنون .

  2. درود بر شما همکار محترم . مطلبتان خیلی بدرد بخور بود . خیلی بفکر دانشجو ها هستید کمی هم به فکر دکترها و گرفتاریهای آنها هم باشید .

  3. salam khaste nabashin drjan emailetono az koja bardam khososi coment bezaram?????babate in matlabeton khiyle mamnon khiyle mofid bod
    man aslan vagt nemikonam benevisam yeki az dalayele naneveshtanamo ham u hads zadin……..
    mostadam bashin

  4. سلام.خوب بود.ولي يادگرفتن اينهمه اختصارات سخته

    • Dr. Serdar دکتر سردار

      هیچ غصه نخورید تا دوران تحصیلی پزشکی عمومی تمام بشه اکثر اینها رو اتوماتیک یاد میگیرید .

  5. Dad — you’re the world’s greatest! You’re my star up in the sky and my very favorite guy

  6. mamnon dr.
    shad va khoram bemonin

  7. براي مشاهده توضيح كلمه مورد نظر روي آن كليك نماييد. شما مي توانيد با وارد نمودن كلمه خاص يا مشخص كردن گروه ليست كلمات را فيلتر نماييد.

  8. سلام دکتر
    اول تشکر میکنم از مطالب مفیدتون…
    بعد از تشکر یه سوال دارم اما در رابطه با موضوع ارسالی شما نیست…
    ممنون میشم جوابمو بدید حتی اگر کوتاه…
    من بدلیل شغلی که دارم چندین سال هست شبهارو تا صبح بیدارم بعضی از موقع ها اتفاق میوفته که در روز اصلا نمیخوابم اما خواب معمولی من در روز حدودا 5-6 ساعت هست…
    میخواستم بدونم آیا ساعت خواب هم مهم هست یا نه اگر ساعت خواب مهم هست ممنون میشم اثراتش رو هم ذکر کنید…
    با تشکر

  9. آقا دکتر من دختری 23 ساله هستم . میخواستم بدونم شما مجردید . بای

  10. سلام . انگلیسی بلد نیستم . ولی غبطه می خورم دوستان زیادی داری . خوش به حالت.

  11. راستی. حال دختر کوچولو تون چطوره « قیزیم …قیزیم قیز دانا/ قیزیمینگ بهاسی یوز تانا /یوز تانانی آز گورسم / هرسویه نیم بیر تانا.»

  12. سلام دکتر جان . در مورد تحقیقاتی که گفتم برایتون ایمیل کردم . موفق باشید .

  13. دکتر من تمام مطالب وبلاگتون رو یه مرور تیتر وار کردم .

    هاشمی هستم (صیغه کرده بودم و مشکلی در داخل کلاهک آلتم بوجود اومده بود که براتون پیام گذاشتم .)در ضمن در دوهفته گذشته تقریبا به ازای هر روز 1.5 یک و نیم باز بیش از 15 الی 16 بار س-ک-س داشتم اما هر دفعه که شرایط جور می شود باز هم میل به س/ک/س دارم و همیشه آب کمر داشتم اما به واسطه عملیات پی دی پی کم شده اما همیشه بوده .

    سایز آلتم یک مقئار به نظرم به جثه ام نمیخوره تو مطالبتون به مواردی چون آلت پرده دار یا شبکه ای یا آلت تله دار و آلت پنهان برخورد کردم اگر مقدور است تصاویری در این رابطه قرار دهید .وقتی دو سر انگشتم را در دو طرف کناری آلت فشار می دهم بین 1 تا 2 سانت به طول الت اظافه می شود و در حالت غیر از این در حالت نعوظ حداکثر بین 9 تا 11 سانت هست لطفا بنده را راهنمایی نمایید (در ضمن در هنگام س/ک/س و پس از آن شریک و شرکای جنسی که داشته ام از من راضی بوده اند و ارضا شدند )هرچند قبل یل بعد از س/ک/س اشاره ای به این موضوع (آلتت به هیکلت نمی خورد )داشته اند .

    با تشکر

  14. دکتز تو رو خدا مشاوره رو فعال کنید .گ.ند زکات دانش و علم نشر آن است .صواب دارد دکتر به حرف مخالفانتان توجه نکنید .بارز ترین نکته وبلاگ شما همان مشاوره پزشکی است .

  15. جناب دکتر کجایی ؟به دادم برس

  16. دکتر تا کی منتظر جواب باشیم شما که مارا جان به لب کردی ..»

  17. دکتر سلام .اونجام حود به خود خوب شد به نظر حضرتعالی اون چی بوده ؟

    الان مشکلی که دارم اینه که خیله شهوتم بالاست هفته ای 7 بار به بالا س/ک/س دارم.

    • سلام دوست گرامی . لطفا بخش تماس و سئوال را مطالعه نمائید . بدون معاینه و آزمایش به هیچ وجه نمیشود تشخیص داد . لطفا با یک متخصص س.ک.س.ولوژیست و یا امراض مقاربتی مشاوره نمائید . کامیاب باشید .

  18. دکتر شما اینقد خوب هستید که بدون معاینه هم امواج فکریتون آدم رو مداوا می کنه من چند روز پیش در مورد مشکلم اینجا کامنت گذاشتم بعد از 3 روز به طرز معجزه آسایی مشکلم حل شد باور کنید حتی طول آلتم هم بیشتر شد نمی دونم باید چی بگم .فقط از لطف شما ممنونم .

  19. مرسی دکتر .خیلی حال دادی

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